International Journal of Public Health Excellence (IJPHE) is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes material on all aspects of public health science. The priorities are originality and excellence. You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
- Is your manuscript written in IJPHE format? At this stage, it is not that essential that you follow every detail of IJPHE format. Please try to follow the format as closely as possible.
- is your title adequate and is your abstract correctly written? The title of paper is max 12 words, without Acronym or abbreviation. The Abstract (MAX 200 WORDS) should be informative and completely self-explanatory (no citation in abstract), provide a clear statement of the problem, the proposed approach or solution, and point out major findings and conclusions.
- Authors are suggested to present their articles in the sections structure: Introduction - The Proposed Method/Procedure specifically designed (optional) - Research Method - Results and Discussion – Conclusion. Authors may present complex proofs of theorems or non-obvious proofs of correctness of algorithms after introduction section (obvious theorems & straightforward proofs of existing theorems are NOT needed).
- Introduction section: explain the context of the study and state the precise objective. An Introduction should contain the following three parts:
Background: Authors have to make clear what the context is. Ideally, authors should give an idea of the state-of-the art of the field the report is about.
The Problem: If there was no problem, there would be no reason for writing a manuscript, and definitely no reason for reading it. So, please tell readers why they should proceed reading. Experience shows that for this part a few lines are often sufficient.
The Proposed Solution: Now and only now! - authors may outline the contribution of the manuscript. Here authors have to make sure readers point out what are the novel aspects of authors work.
Authors should place the paper in proper context by citing relevant papers. At least, 10 references (recently journal articles) are referred in this section to show lack of previous research studies, and the uniqueness or novelty of the research on the topic.
- Method section: the presentation of the experimental methods should be clear and complete in every detail facilitating reproducibility by other scientists.
- Results and discussion section: The presentation of results should be simple and straightforward in style. This section report the most important findings, including results of statistical analyses as apropriate and comparisons to other research results. Results given in figures should not be repeated in tables. This is where the author(s) should explain in words what he/she/they discovered in the research. It should be clearly laid out and in a logical sequence. This section should be supported suitable references.
- Conclusion section: Summarize sentences the primary outcomes of the study in a paragraph. Are the claims in this section supported by the results, do they seem reasonable? Have the authors indicated how the results relate to expectations and to earlier research? Does the article support or contradict previous theories? Does the conclusion explain how the research has moved the body of scientific knowledge forward?
- Language. If an article is poorly written due to grammatical errors, while it may make it more difficult to understand the science.
- Please be sure that the manuscript is up to date. It is expected that 20 to 30% of references are to recent papers.
- Is the manuscript clearly written? Is the article exciting? Does the content flow well from one section to another? Please try to keep your manuscript on the proper level. It should be easy to understand by well qualified professionals, but at the same time please avoid describing well known facts (use proper references instead). Often manuscripts receive negative reviews because reviewers are not able to understand the manuscript and this is authors' (not reviewers') fault. Notice, that if reviewers have difficulties, then other readers will face the same problem and there is no reason to publish the manuscript.
- Do you have enough references? We will usually expect a minimum of 25 to 30 references primarily to journal papers, depending on the length of the paper. Citations of textbooks should be used very rarely and citations to web pages should be avoided. All cited papers should be referenced within the text of the manuscript.
- Figures and Tables. Relation of Tables or Figures and Text: Because tables and figures supplement the text, all tables and figures should be referenced in the text. Authors also must explain what the reader should look for when using the table or figure. Focus only on the important point the reader should draw from them, and leave the details for the reader to examine on her own.
a. All figures appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
b. Each figure must have a caption fully explaining the content
c. Figure captions are presented as a paragraph starting with the figure number i.e. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
d. Figure captions appear below the figure
e. Each figure must be fully cited if taken from another article
f. all figures must be referred to in the body of the article
a. Material that is tabular in nature must appear in a numbered captioned table.
b. All tables appearing in article must be numbered in the order that they appear in the text.
c. Each table must have a caption fully explaining the content with the table number i.e. Table 1, Table 2, etc.
d. Each column must have a clear and concise heading
e. Tables are to be presented with single horizontal line under: the table caption, the column headings and at the end of the table.
f. All tables must be referred to in the body of the article
g. Each table must be fully cited if taken from another article
- Each citation should be written in the order of appearance in the text in square brackets. For example, the first citation , the second citation , and the third and fourth citations , . When citing multiple sources at once, the preferred method is to list each number separately, in its own brackets, using a comma or dash between numbers, as such: , ,  or -. It is not necessary to mention an author's name, pages used, or date of publication in the in-text citation. Instead, refer to the source with a number in a square bracket, e.g. , that will then correspond to the full citation in your reference list. Examples of in-text citations:
- This theory was first put forward in 1970 ."
- Sutikno  has argued that...
- Several recent studies , , - have suggested that....
- ...end of the line for my research .
- Self-citations: to control for citation manipulation (COPE), this journal asks that authors keep self-citation to a minimum. We would strongly recommend no more than 5 (including jointly authored publications), or 20% self-citations, whichever number is lower.
- Please be aware that for the final submission of regular paper you will be asked to tailor your paper so the last page is not half empty.
- Download template here
- Writing bibliography using Mendeley, EndNote or Zotero
- Check plagiarism using iThenticate and Turnitin
Example of Bibliography
- A. Stepien and A. Baernstein, “Educating for empathy: A review,” J. Gen. Intern. Med., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 524–530, 2006, doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00443.x.
- D. Jeffrey and R. Downie, “Empathy-Can it be taught?,” R. Coll. Physicians Edinb., vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 107–112, 2016, doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2016.210.
- R. Mathews and C. M. Spencer, “National security strategy for U.S. water,” IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag., vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 42–53, 2008, doi: 10.1109/MEMB.2008.929887.
- Y. Azhar and R. Afdian, “Feature selection on pregnancy risk classification using C5.0 method,” Kinetik, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 345–350, 2018, doi: 10.22219/kinetik.v3i4.703.
- L. Buckingham et al., “Going Social: Success in Online Recruitment of Men Who Have Sex with Men for Prevention HIV Vaccine Research,” Vaccine, vol. 35, no. 27, pp. 3498–3505, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.05.002.
- J. Bian et al., “Mining Twitter to Assess the Public Perception of the ‘Internet of Things,’” PLoS One, vol. 11, no. 7, 2016, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158450.
- R. Valter, S. Santiago, R. Ramos, M. Oliveira, L. O. M. Andrade, and I. C. de H. C. Barreto, “Data Mining and Risk Analysis Supporting Decision in Brazilian Public Health Systems,” 2019, doi: 10.1109/HealthCom46333.2019.9009439.
- Y. Liu and H. Wu, “Water bloom warning model based on random forest,” in International Conference on Intelligent Informatics and Biomedical Sciences (ICIIBMS), 2017, pp. 45–48, doi: 10.1109/ICIIBMS.2017.8279712.
- P. Deki, “Factors Affecting Early Childhood Growth and Development: Golden 1000 Days,” Adv. Pract. Nurs., vol. 01, no. 01, pp. 1–4, 2016, doi: 10.4172/2573-0347.1000101.
- C. Nwankwo, P. Ezenduka, E. Chiejina, and S. Igwilo, “Effect of maternal health education on the health attitude of pregnant motherss attending antenatal clinics in Anambraa State Nigeria,” Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1914–1923, 2016, doi: 10.15680/IJIRSET.2016.0502136.
Submission Preparation Checklist
As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
- The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
- Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
- The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
- If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.